Hydro-energy is currently the most feasible renewable energy source in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in comparison to other renewable energy sources. However, according to estimates, only 40% of its potential is now used.
The country is fully sovereign in electricity generation, thanks to its extensive hydropower potential, as hydropower energy occupies about 40% in overall power generation mix in Bosnia. In addition, some of the electricity produced is exported to neighbouring countries.
According to the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAP) planned number of HPPs < 10MW in 2020 equals 162
State hydropower producer Hidroelektrane na Trebisnjici (HET) planned to make investments worth 18.64 million marka (9.5 million euro) in 2019
International banks including the European Investment Bank (EIB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation (IFC), are funding hundreds of hydropower projects
By the beginning of 2019, a total of 17,873 GWh of electricity was generated in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The second most important power source was local hydropower plants, which produced 6,300 GWh corresponding to almost 50% of Bosnia and Herzegovina's electricity consumption
The government and the Investment Promotion Agency (FIPA) say boosting hydropower is key to reducing regional dependency on coal and to falling in line with European Union energy policies
In 2019, BiH just started working on an integrated National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) for the period 2021-2030 (with the long-term goal of de-carbonisation until 2050) in order to align with EU energy and climate policies
In March 2019 Serbia and Republika Srpska (RS) intend to jointly build the hydropower plant (HPP) Buk Bijela. The installed capacity of more than 180 MW, will equally contribute
to the energy stability of Serbia and the RS. HPP Buk Bijela will be built about 11.6 kilometres upstream from Foča. It is planned to be equipped with three hydro generators with
a total capacity of 93 MW, with the expected average annual electricity generation at around 330 GWh. The project would require an investment of EUR 193 million. Elektroprivreda Srbije (EPS) is currently reviewing the project for HPPs Buk Bijela, to be followed by determining the pace of implementation.
At the end of 2017, EP S announced its intention to overhaul 10 units of HPP Đerdap 2 over 10 years, to help ex tend the plant ’s lifespan and boost its capacity by 50 MW. EPS and Siloviye Mashiny are cooperating on the overhaul of HPP Đerdap 1. The overhaul began in 2009. In Jul y 2018, the t wo companies signed a contract on the modernization of the A2 and A3 units in or der to complete the revitalization of the entire HPP in 2021.
EPS (Serbian state-owned power utility) plans the construction of 2 small hydropower plants on existing dams – SHPP Celije and SHP P Rovni. The project is a part of the programme for reconstruction of SHPPs through the loan of EBRD. The programme encompasses the reconstruction of 15 SHP Ps with total installed capacity of 18 MW. The project also includes the supply of electrical and mechanical equipment and their installation. Once the tender documents are signed, the works will be completed within 62 weeks.